Data & AssessmentItembank Create Items and PassagesCreate an Explicit Constructed Response Item

Create an Explicit Constructed Response Item

This lesson will guide you through the process of creating an Explicit Constructed Response item within the Illuminate Itembank. This type of item allows students to select an answer choice that fills in a blank in the passage or question area.  

1. Click on the Assessments tab.

2. Under Itembank, select Visit Itembank.

Create a New Item

Create a New Item

1. Click Create.

2. Next click New Item.

3. Select Next.

Note: You may also start from the Items tab, then click Create Item.

Explicit Constructed Response

Explicit Constructed Response

1. Item Type- Select the item type you are creating, in this case you will select Explicit Constructed Response.

2. Click Teacher Instructions to type Teacher Instructions (e.g., Read the question aloud to your students) if applicable.

3. Type your question into the Stem box. To add an inline textbox, enter in the text [textbox] (including brackets) in the position you would like the textbox to appear. Otherwise, it will appear below the stem.

4. Click Save & Continue.  

Enter Answers

Enter Answers

1. Enter the answer choice in the space provided.

2. You may add an additional answer choice by clicking Add Choice.

3. Click the red minus (-) icon next to an answer choice that you would like to remove. Use the arrow keys to move the answer choice up or down.

4. You may enter a rationale (see below) for each distractor to explain why a student may have chosen a particular answer option. For example, if a student selects "B. 10" for the question "What is 8 + 12?" he might have forgotten to carry the "1". Entering a rationale could help other teachers who have access to the item in reteaching concepts missed. Click the Up Arrow next to Rationale to enter the rationale.

5. Click Save once you have finished, then go to the Details tab.



1. Add a performance level to your rubric by clicking Add Rubric Level. If you plan to mark the rubric level on each student's answer sheet for scanning with GradeCam, you may only have up to 5 rubric levels.

2. Enter the rubric performance level criteria.

3. Click the red minus (-) icon next to a criteria that you would like to remove. Use the arrow keys to move the criteria up or down.

4. Click Save once you have finished, then go to the Details tab.

Item Details

1. Choose the bank where the item will belong. The Public item bank is an Illuminate Education community-driven bank where items contained in that bank is accessible to any user. If you only want your item available to you, choose -None-. Districts may create their own banks to add to this list. Please contact customer service for assistance.

2. Select the Language used in the item (i.e., English or Spanish). The red asterisk (*) next to Language indicates this field is required. Mark No or Yes to Exclude Stem from displaying to students. For example, an item may contain a passage that should be read aloud by the test proctor, but should not be included in the test booklet for students to view. The red asterisk (*) next to Exclude Stem indicates this field is required.

3. If the item requires a specific layout format  that should not be changed, pick the Layout Format for the item: 2 Column, 2 Column Table, Full Page, Distractors Side By Side, Distractors Horizontal 2 by 2, Distractors Vertical 2 by 2.

4. Insert a Page Break before or after the question if needed.

5. Reference Material- If a question needs something like a Periodic Table, Formula Sheet, etc. you can add this as an image file and students will be able to access it when answering the question.

6. Click Save, then go to the Standards tab.

Identify Item Standards

Identify Item Standards

1. Select the standards set, subject and the grade level for the standard(s) to which you will be tying to your item. As you select the drop-down menus the standards will be automatically loaded on the page. To find a specific standard by key word or standard code, use the search box then click Search.

2. You can click the arrow symbol to expand the strand or sub-strand and see the standards housed within.

3. Here you can see an expanded selection.

4. Select the standard(s) by clicking on the bolded standard title. Once linked, you will see a chain link show next to the linked standard(s).

5. The standard(s) selected will appear in the Linked Standards area. To remove a standard, click the 'X' next to it. You can continue to search and select more standards as needed.

Preview Item

Preview Item

You may preview your item by going to the Preview tab. The item preview will show the item step, distractor, correct answer (answer option letter is in green), aligned standard code, and other item information.

Note: The preview does not display in the item layout that you may have chosen in the Details step.

Publish Item

Publish Item

Publish is the final step of the item creation process. Prior to publishing, if you would like to make changes to your item, go to the appropriate tab to make your edits. When you are sure that your item is in final form and can be made available to add to assessments, click Publish.

Note: Once an item is published, it will be locked from further editing. To edit the item after it has been published, a new revision must be created.

Also, once an Item is published, you can add it directly to an existing assessment by clicking on the 'Add To' button. This will populate a list of assessments you can add this item to with one click.

View Item Revisions

View Item Revisions

The Revisions tab lists all versions of the item (including the master item), that has been revised once published. Once an item is published and added to an assessment, any further revisions of that item will not be updated in the assessment unless a user clicks on 'Update Assessments using old Item Revisions'. NOTE: If you decide to to this (For example, you realize that the answer choice was actually supposed to be A, not C) it WILL change all student scores associated with that assessment.When adding an item with several revisions to an assessment, the most recent revision will be used. To view an item revision, click on the number.

Next Steps

All of your items, published or not, will be housed in the 'Items' section of the Itembank. See the "Create an Itembank Assessment" lesson to build a test with items. You may also want to see the "Create/Select Quality Assessment" lesson for important assessment design considerations.