What Is a Subgroup?
Subgroups are groups of students that share the same classification.
What subgroups are there?
Subgroups include African American or Black (not of Hispanic origin), American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, Filipino, Hispanic or Latino, Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander (called merely "Pacific Islander" prior to the 2009-2010 school year), White (not of Hispanic origin), 2 or More Races (depending on the year, as this is a new subgroup as of the 2009-2010 school year), English Learners, Socioeconomically Disadvantaged (also called "Economically Disadvantaged"), and Students with Disabilities.
What constitutes a "numerically significant" subgroup?
Districts and schools are both held formally accountable for subgroups in which the student population totals either of the following:
- 100 or more students with valid test scores
- 50 or more students with valid test scores who make up at least 15 percent of the total population
This means a subgroup might not be significant for any school in the district, but could still be significant for the district as a whole. As a result, even students who aren't counted within a significant subgroup at a school site can still count in the districts accountability for a subgroup that is significant at the district level.
However, while R-FEP students participation and proficiency levels can be included in a sites or districts EL subgroup, these students are not included in determining whether or not a site or district has enough students in the EL subgroup to render it significant.
Can the same student count in more than one subgroup?
Yes. For example, you might have a student whose participation and scores are included in accountability for the Asian, English Learner, (Socio)economically Disadvantaged, and Students with Disabilities subgroups.
How does a student qualify for the English Learner subgroup?
English Learners (EL) are those who fit either of the following:
- Language proficiency is classified as Limited English Proficient (LEP)
- Language proficiency is classified as Redesignated Fluent English Proficient (R-FEP) and student has not scored proficient or above on the English-Language Arts CST for 3 years or more (not necessarily consecutive) since redesignation
How does a student qualify for the (Socio)economically Disadvantaged subgroup?
(Socio)economically Disadvantaged are those who fit either of the following:
Neither of the students parents have received a high school diploma
Student participates in the free or reduced-price lunch program, also known as the National School Lunch Program (NSLP)
How does a student qualify for the Students with Disabilities subgroup?
Students with Disabilities applies to:
Any student with an IEP (students who have exited the Special Ed. Program continue to count for 2 years)
What about students new to the country?
If an English learner has lived in the U.S. for less than 1 year, he or she is not included in API valid score counts (starting with Base API) or AYP proficiency calculations, but is included in AYP participation rate.
If you require extra assistance understanding test scores, you might want to visit our "EXTRAS: Data Analysis" Help manual lessons.