Essential Questions

DnA data can be used to answer essential questions via pre-built reports and the custom reporting tool. If you are interested in this popular approach to data analysis, this Educational Leadership article offers a great summary of key points.

Sample questions you might want to answer to better help students are listed below, along with suggestions regarding which reports you might want to run to help you answer each question. In many cases it is necessary to run multiple reports for a single question (e.g., investigate multiple measures for a complex question), but in other cases the report list merely contains multiple reports that will give you similar information in varied formats (in other words, you don't need to run all the reports listed).

These are general, starting questions and should constitute only 1 piece of a rich inquiry. Also, if you begin with general questions (e.g., which group performed best or how a group impacted accountability), be sure to follow-up with vital inquiries concerning why, and continue to investigate potential solutions. Essential questions should ultimately seek to answer how kids can best be helped.

It is important that you are familiar with the prebuilt reports when using the Essential Questions document. You may want to reference the Reports Manual for additional information.

Make a Difference

Is a new course working?

  • CST Multi Year Report by Course & Grade
  • Pivot Table - Class/Teacher
  • Pivot Table - Course/Site
  • CAHSEE - Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Teacher List by Course
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List by Course
  • CST Cluster Scores - Site List
  • CST Percent Proficient Report by Grade Level & Test Taken f
  • Performance Summary, Peer Comparison , Standard Progress , Overview Assessment Reports

Is a new program working?

  • CST Multi Year Report by Course & Grade
  • Pivot Table - Class/Teacher
  • Pivot Table - Course/Site
  • CAHSEE - Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Site List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Teacher List by Course
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List by Course
  • Performance Summary, Peer Comparison , Standard Progress , Overview Assessment Reports

Which school's students performed the best/worst?

  • CST Multi Year Table
  • CST Cluster Scores - Site List
  • CST Multi Year Table and Charts
  • CST Percent Proficient - Test/Grade Level
  • CST Multi Year Report by Course & Grade
  • CAHSEE - Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List by Course
  • Performance Summary, Peer Comparison , Standard Progress , Overview Assessment Reports

Which program's students performed the best/worst?

  • CST Multi Year Table and Charts
  • CST Multi Year Table
  • CST Percent Proficient - Test/Grade Level
  • CST Multi Year Report by Course & Grade
  • Pivot Table - Class/Teacher
  • Pivot Table - Course/Site
  • CAHSEE - Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Teacher List by Course
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List by Course
  • Performance Summary, Peer Comparison , Standard Progress , Overview Assessment Reports

Which course's or class's students performed the best/worst?

  • CST Multi Year Report by Course & Grade
  • CST Cluster Scores - Teacher List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Teacher List by Course
  • Pivot Table - Class/Teacher
  • Pivot Table - Course/Site
  • CAHSEE - Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List by Course
  • CST Percent Proficient
  • Performance Summary, Peer Comparison , Standard Progress , Overview Assessment Reports

Which students performed the best/worst?

  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List by Course
  • Pivot Table - Course/Site
  • CAHSEE - Student List
  • Peer Comparison Assessment Report

Which school's students showed the most/least improvement?

  • CST Multi Year Table
  • CST Multi Year Table and Charts
  • CST Multi Year Report by Course & Grade
  • Pivot Table - Course/Site
  • Performance Summary, Standard Progress and Peer Comparison Assessment Reports

Which program's students showed the most/least improvement?

  • CST Multi Year Table and Charts
  • CST Multi Year Table
  • CST Multi Year Report by Course & Grade
  • Pivot Table - Course/Site
  • Standard Progress, Performance Summary andPeer Comparison Assessment Reports

Which course's or class's students showed the most/least improvement?

  • CST Multi Year Report by Course & Grade
  • Pivot Table - Class/Teacher
  • Pivot Table - Course/Site
  • Standard Progress, Performance Summary and Peer Comparison Assessment Reports

Which students showed the most/least improvement?

  • Pivot Table - Class/Teacher
  • Pivot Table - Course/Site
  • Class Roster with ELA and Math STAR
  • Class Roster with Specified STAR
  • CELDT - Student List
  • Standard Progress and Peer Comparison Assessment Reports

What are a district's trends in performance?

  • CST Multi Year Table t
  • CST Multi Year Table and Charts
  • CST Multi Year Report by Course & Grade
  • Performance Summary, Standard Progress and Peer Comparison Assessment Reports

What are a school's trends in performance?

  • CST Multi Year Table and Charts
  • District Multi Year CST Percent Proficient Report
  • CST Multi Year Report by Course & Grade
  • Performance Summary, Standard Progress and Peer Comparison Assessment Reports

What are a program's trends in performance?

  • CST Multi Year Table and Charts
  • CST Multi Year Table
  • CST Multi Year Report by Course & Grade
  • CST Cluster Scores - Teacher List by Course
  • Performance Summary, Standard Progress and Peer Comparison Assessment Reports

What are a course's or class's trends in performance?

  • CST Multi Year Report by Course & Grade
  • CST Percent Proficient
  • CST Cluster Scores - Teacher List by Course
  • Performance Summary, Standard Progress and Peer Comparison Assessment Reports

What are a student's trends in performance?

  • Student Profile
  • Class Roster with ELA and Math STAR Data
  • Class Roster with Subject Specific Data
  • CAHSEE Report - Student List
  • Standard Progress Assessment Report
  • DIBELS Reports

How did students I taught perform when I taught them?

  • CST Percent Proficient
  • CST Percent Proficient - Test/Grade Level
  • CAHSEE - Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Teacher List.
  • CST Cluster Scores - Teacher List by Course.
  • Class Roster with ELA and Math STAR
  • Class Roster with Specified STAR
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List by Course
  • Pivot Table - Class/Teacher
  • Pivot Table - Course/Site
  • Response Frequency, Performance Summary, Peer Comparison, Statistics, Standard Progress and Overview Assessment Reports

Which school's students are most/least likely to graduate?

  • CAHSEE - Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Site List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List by Course
  • Performance Summary, Standard Progress and Peer Comparison Assessment Reports

Which program's students are most/least likely to graduate?

  • CAHSEE - Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List by Course
  • CST Cluster Scores - Teacher List by Course
  • Performance Summary, Standard Progress and Peer Comparison Assessment Reports

What are key things I should know about a student?

  • Student Profile
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List by Course
  • Class Roster with Demographics
  • Class Roster with ELA and Math STAR
  • Class Roster with Specified STAR
  • CMA Eligibility List
  • Peer Comparison Assessment Report

Which students have special health considerations?

  • Health Cautions & Alerts

Which students are (or aren’t) up-to-date with their immunizations?

  • Immunization Compliance Report

What do I need to know about my students’ health?

  • Health Cautions & Alerts

Which immunization requirements have students not yet met?

  • Immunization Compliance Report

Which ___'s (school/program/course/etc.) students have the best/worst attendance?

Which ___'s (school/program/course/etc.) students have the most/least discipline problems?

  • Create a custom report

Accountability

Which school might have helped API the most/least?

  • Pivot Table - Class/Teacher
  • Pivot Table - Course/Site

Which program might have helped API the most/least?

  • Pivot Table - Course/Site

Which course or class might have helped API the most/least?

  • Pivot Table - Class/Teacher
  • Pivot Table - Course/Site

Which school might have helped AYP the most/least?

  • CST Multi Year Table
  • CST Multi Year Table and Charts
  • CAHSEE - Student List
  • Pivot Table - Course/Site

Which program might have helped AYP the most/least?

  • CST Multi Year Table and Charts
  • CST Multi Year Table
  • CAHSEE - Student List
  • Pivot Table - Course/Site

Which course or class might have helped AYP the most/least?

  • CST Multi Year Report by Course & Grade
  • CAHSEE - Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List by Course
  • CST Percent Proficient
  • Pivot Table - Class/Teacher
  • Pivot Table - Course/Site

Which students might have helped AYP and which didn't?

  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List by Course
  • CAHSEE - Student List
  • Pivot Table - Class/Teacher
  • Pivot Table - Course/Site

Which students went up/down in (or did not change) level and how might this have impacted API?

  • Pivot Table - Class/Teacher
  • Pivot Table - Course/Site
  • Class Roster with ELA and Math STAR
  • CAHSEE - Student List
  • Class Roster with ELA and Math STAR
  • Class Roster with Specified STAR
  • Standard Progress Assessment Report

How did performance (e.g., the # of students scoring Proficient and Advanced) change for a particular class, and how might this have impacted AYP?

  • CST Multi Year Report by Course & Grade
  • CST Percent Proficient
  • Pivot Table - Class/Teacher
  • Pivot Table - Course/Site
  • Performance Summary, Standard Progress and Peer Comparison Assessment Reports

How are individual English Learners impacting Title III AMAOs?

  • CELDT - AMAO Student List

What were the Title III AMAO requirements for each English Learner?

  • CELDT - AMAO Student List

Which schools are likely to go into PI?

  • CST Multi Year Table
  • CST Multi Year Table and Charts
  • Pivot Table - Course/Site
  • Performance Summary and Peer Comparison Assessment Reports

How likely is the district to go into PI?

  • CST Multi Year Table
  • Performance Summary and Peer Comparison Assessment Reports

Which schools are likely to go into IIUSP?

  • API Estimator
  • Performance Summary and Peer Comparison Assessment Reports

How likely is the district to go into IIUSP?

  • API Estimator
  • Performance Summary and Peer Comparison Assessment Reports

Compare Subgroups

Which student subgroups are making the most/least growth (e.g., closing achievement gap)?

  • CST Multi Year Report by Course & Grade
  • CAHSEE - Student List
  • Pivot Table - Class/Teacher
  • Pivot Table - Course/Site

Which student subgroups are struggling the most/least?

  • CAHSEE - Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Site List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List by Course
  • CST Cluster Scores - Teacher List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Teacher List by Course
  • CST Percent Proficient

In which subject areas are subgroups struggling/excelling?

  • CST Percent Proficient - Test/Grade Level
  • CAHSEE - Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Site List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List by Course
  • CST Cluster Scores - Teacher List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Teacher List by Course
  • CST Percent Proficient

In which content clusters (CST) or strands (CAHSEE) is a particular subgroup struggling/excelling?

  • CAHSEE - Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Site List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List by Course
  • CST Cluster Scores - Teacher List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Teacher List by Course

Which student subgroups are at risk of not graduating?

  • CAHSEE - Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Site List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List by Course
  • CST Cluster Scores - Teacher List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Teacher List by Course

In which content clusters (CST) or strands (CAHSEE) is a particular subgroup making the most/least improvement?

  • CAHSEE - Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Site List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List by Course
  • CST Cluster Scores - Teacher List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Teacher List by Course

Which student subgroups are most/least frequently in the GATE program?

  • CST Cluster Scores - Site List
  • Custom report

Which student subgroups are most/least frequently in Honors/AP/IB courses?

  • CST Cluster Scores - Teacher List by Course
  • CST Cluster Scores - Site List
  • Custom report

Which student subgroups are most/least frequently being identified for Special Education?

  • Custom report

English Learners

Which English Learners should be considered for redesignation?

  • CELDT - Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List by Course

How much growth are language proficiency groupings making?

  • CST Multi Year Report by Course & Grade
  • CELDT - Student List
  • Pivot Table - Class/Teacher
  • Pivot Table - Course/Site

Which school's English Learners showed the most/least improvement?

  • CST Multi Year Report by Course & Grade
  • CELDT - Student List
  • CAHSEE - Student List
  • Pivot Table - Course/Site

Which program's English Learners showed the most/least improvement?

  • CST Multi Year Report by Course & Grade
  • CELDT - Student List
  • CAHSEE - Student List
  • Pivot Table - Course/Site

Which course's or class's English Learners showed the most/least improvement?

  • Pivot Table - Class/Teacher
  • Pivot Table - Course/Site
  • CST Multi Year Report by Course & Grade
  • CELDT - Student List
  • CAHSEE - Student List

Which English Learners showed the most/least improvement?

  • Pivot Table - Class/Teacher
  • Pivot Table - Course/Site
  • CELDT - Student List
  • CELDT - AMAO Student List
  • Class Roster with ELA and Math STAR
  • Class Roster with Specified STAR

What are a school's trends in English Learner performance?

  • CST Multi Year Report by Course & Grade
  • CELDT - Student List
  • CAHSEE - Student List

What are a program's trends in English Learner performance?

  • CST Multi Year Report by Course & Grade
  • CELDT - Student List
  • CAHSEE - Student List

What are a course's or class's trends in English Learner performance?

  • CST Multi Year Report by Course & Grade
  • CELDT - Student List
  • CAHSEE - Student List

What are an English Learner's trends in performance?

  • Student Profile
  • CELDT - AMAO Student List
  • Class Roster with ELA and Math STAR
  • Class Roster with Specified STAR

Which school's English Learners are most/least likely to graduate?

  • CAHSEE - Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Site List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List by Course
  • CST Cluster Scores - Teacher List by Course

Which program's English Learners are most/least likely to graduate?

  • CAHSEE - Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Site List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List by Course
  • CST Cluster Scores - Teacher List by Course

Which English Learners are most/least likely to graduate?

  • CAHSEE - Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List by Course

Which school's English Learners performed the best/worst?

  • CST Percent Proficient - Test/Grade Level
  • CST Multi Year Report by Course & Grade
  • Pivot Table - Course/Site
  • CAHSEE - Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Site List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List by Course
  • CELDT - Student List

Which program's English Learners performed the best/worst?

  • CST Percent Proficient - Test/Grade Level
  • CAHSEE - Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Site List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List by Course
  • CST Cluster Scores - Teacher List by Course
  • CELDT - Student List

Which course's or class's English Learners performed the best/worst?

  • CST Cluster Scores - Teacher List by Course
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Site List
  • CST Multi Year Report by Course & Grade
  • CAHSEE - Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List by Course
  • CELDT - Student List
  • CST Percent Proficient

Which English Learners performed the best/worst?

  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List by Course
  • CAHSEE - Student List
  • CELDT - Student List
  • CELDT - AMAO Student List
  • Class Roster with ELA and Math STAR
  • Class Roster with Specified STAR
  • CAHSEE - Student List

How likely are language proficiency groupings to graduate?

  • CAHSEE - Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Site List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List by Course

How are language proficiency groupings performing?

  • CST Percent Proficient - Test/Grade Level
  • CAHSEE - Student List
  • CELDT - Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Site List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List by Course
  • CST Percent Proficient

In which content clusters (CST), strands (CAHSEE), or domains (CELDT) are English Learners struggling/excelling?

  • CAHSEE - Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Site List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List by Course
  • CST Cluster Scores - Teacher List by Course

In which content clusters (CST), strands (CAHSEE), or domains (CELDT) are English Learners making the most/least improvement?

  • CAHSEE - Student List
  • CELDT - Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Site List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List by Course
  • CST Cluster Scores - Teacher List by Course

How are individual English Learners impacting Title III AMAOs?

  • CELDT - AMAO Student List

What were the Title III AMAO requirements for each English Learner?

  • CELDT - AMAO Student List

Which English Learners have language skills that suggest they should be performing better elsewhere (i.e., in other academic areas)?

  • CELDT - Student List
  • CELDT - AMAO Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List by Course

Are too many English Learners being identified for Special Education?

  • Student Profile
  • CST Cluster Scores - Site List
  • Custom report

Are English Learners under/overrepresented in the GATE program?

  • Student Profile
  • CST Cluster Scores - Site List
  • Custom report

Are English Learners under/overrepresented in Honors/AP/IB courses?

  • Student Profile
  • CST Cluster Scores - Teacher List by Course
  • CST Cluster Scores - Site List
  • Custom report

Special Education

Which students are eligible to take the CMA?

  • CMA Eligibility List

How much growth/improvement are disability groupings making?

  • CST Multi Year Report by Course & Grade
  • Pivot Table - Class/Teacher
  • Pivot Table - Course/Site

Which school's Students with Disabilities performed the best/worst?

  • CST Percent Proficient - Test/Grade Level
  • CST Multi Year Report by Course & Grade
  • CAHSEE - Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Site List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List by Course
  • CELDT - Student List

Which program's Students with Disabilities performed the best/worst?

  • CST Percent Proficient - Test/Grade Level
  • CST Multi Year Report by Course & Grade
  • CAHSEE - Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List by Course
  • CELDT - Student List

Which course's or class's Students with Disabilities performed the best/worst?

  • CST Multi Year Report by Course & Grade
  • CAHSEE - Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List by Course
  • CELDT - Student List
  • CST Percent Proficient

Which Students with Disabilities performed the best/worst?

  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List by Course
  • CAHSEE - Student List
  • CELDT - Student List
  • CELDT - AMAO Student List
  • Class Roster with ELA and Math STAR
  • Class Roster with Specified STAR

Which school's Students with Disabilities showed the most/least improvement?

  • Pivot Table - Course/Site
  • CST Multi Year Report by Course & Grade
  • CELDT - Student List
  • CAHSEE - Student List

Which program's Students with Disabilities showed the most/least improvement?

  • Pivot Table - Course/Site
  • CST Multi Year Report by Course & Grade
  • CELDT - Student List
  • CAHSEE - Student List

Which course's or class's Students with Disabilities showed the most/least improvement?

  • Pivot Table - Class/Teacher
  • Pivot Table - Course/Site
  • CST Multi Year Report by Course & Grade
  • CELDT - Student List
  • CAHSEE - Student List

Which Students with Disabilities showed the most/least improvement?

  • Pivot Table - Class/Teacher
  • Pivot Table - Course/Site
  • CELDT - Student List
  • CELDT - AMAO Student List
  • Class Roster with ELA and Math STAR
  • Class Roster with Specified STAR

What are a school's trends in Students with Disabilities performance?

  • CST Multi Year Report by Course & Grade
  • CELDT - Student List
  • CAHSEE - Student List

What are a program's trends in Students with Disabilities performance?

  • CST Multi Year Report by Course & Grade
  • CELDT - Student List
  • CAHSEE - Student List

What are a course's or class's trends in Students with Disabilities performance?

  • CST Multi Year Report by Course & Grade
  • CELDT - Student List
  • CAHSEE - Student List

What are a Special Ed. student's trends in performance?

  • Student Profile
  • CELDT - AMAO Student List
  • Class Roster with ELA and Math STAR
  • Class Roster with Specified STAR

How are Students with Disabilities performing compared to Students without Disabilities?

  • CST Percent Proficient - Test/Grade Level
  • CAHSEE - Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Site List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List by Course
  • CST Percent Proficient

How are Students with Disabilities making progress compared to Students without Disabilities?

  • CST Multi Year Report by Course & Grade
  • Pivot Table - Class/Teacher
  • Pivot Table - Course/Site
  • CAHSEE - Student List

Which school's Students with Disabilities are most/least likely to graduate?

  • CAHSEE - Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Site List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List by Course

Which program's Students with Disabilities are most/least likely to graduate?

  • CAHSEE - Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Site List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List by Course

Which Students with Disabilities are most/least likely to graduate?

  • CAHSEE - Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List by Course
  • Student Profile

In which content clusters (CST) or strands (CAHSEE) are Students without Disabilities struggling/excelling?

  • CAHSEE - Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Site List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List by Course
  • CST Cluster Scores - Teacher List by Course

In which content clusters (CST) or strands (CAHSEE) are Students without Disabilities making the most improvement?

  • CAHSEE - Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Site List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List by Course
  • CST Cluster Scores - Teacher List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Teacher List by Course

Which STAR test would be appropriate for each Student with Disabilities based on previous performance?

  • Student Profile
  • CMA Eligibility List

What data should I bring to a parent conference or IEP meeting?

  • Student Profile
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List by Course
  • Standard Progress Assessment Report

Are too many English Learners being identified for Special Education?

  • Student Profile
  • CST Cluster Scores - Site List
  • Custom report

Are too many students of a particular race or ethnicity being identified for Special Education?

  • Student Profile
  • CST Cluster Scores - Site List
  • Custom report

Which Students with Disabilities have test scores that suggest they should be performing better elsewhere (i.e., in other academic areas)?

  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List by Course
  • Student Profile
  • Custom report

Race/Ethnicity

Which race or ethnicity showed the most/least improvement?

  • Pivot Table - Class/Teacher
  • Pivot Table - Course/Site
  • CST Multi Year Report by Course & Grade
  • CELDT - Student List
  • CAHSEE - Student List

Which school's students of a particular race or ethnicity showed the most/least improvement?

  • Pivot Table - Course/Site
  • CST Multi Year Report by Course & Grade
  • CELDT - Student List
  • CAHSEE - Student List

Which program's students of a particular race or ethnicity showed the most/least improvement?

  • Pivot Table - Course/Site
  • CST Multi Year Report by Course & Grade
  • CELDT - Student List
  • CAHSEE - Student List

Which course's or class's students of a particular race or ethnicity showed the most/least improvement?

  • Pivot Table - Class/Teacher
  • Pivot Table - Course/Site
  • CST Multi Year Report by Course & Grade
  • CELDT - Student List
  • CAHSEE - Student List

Which students of a particular race or ethnicity showed the most/least improvement?

  • Pivot Table - Class/Teacher
  • Pivot Table - Course/Site
  • CELDT - Student List
  • CELDT - AMAO Student List

What are a school's trends in performance for students of a particular race or ethnicity?

  • CST Multi Year Report by Course & Grade
  • CELDT - Student List
  • CAHSEE - Student List

What are a program's trends in performance for students of a particular race or ethnicity?

  • CST Multi Year Report by Course & Grade
  • CELDT - Student List
  • CAHSEE - Student List

What are a course's or class's trends in performance for students of a particular race or ethnicity?

  • CST Multi Year Report by Course & Grade
  • CELDT - Student List
  • CAHSEE - Student List

What are trends in performance for a student of a particular race or ethnicity?

  • Student Profile
  • CELDT - AMAO Student List

Which race or ethnicity is most/least likely to graduate?

  • CAHSEE - Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Site List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Teacher List by Course

Which school's students of a particular race or ethnicity are most/least likely to graduate?

  • CAHSEE - Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Site List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List by Course

Which program's students of a particular race or ethnicity are most/least likely to graduate?

  • CAHSEE - Student List
  • ST Cluster Scores - Site List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List by Course

Which students of a particular race or ethnicity are most/least likely to graduate?

  • CAHSEE - Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List by Course

Which race or ethnicity performed the best/worst?

  • CST Percent Proficient - Test/Grade Level
  • CST Multi Year Report by Course & Grade
  • CAHSEE - Student List f
  • CST Cluster Scores - Site List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List by Course
  • CAHSEE - Student List
  • CST Percent Proficient
  • CST Cluster Scores - Teacher List by Course

Which school's students of a particular race or ethnicity performed the best/worst?

  • CST Percent Proficient - Test/Grade Level
  • CAHSEE - Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Site List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List by Course
  • CELDT - Student List
  • CAHSEE - Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Teacher List by Course

Which program's students of a particular race or ethnicity performed the best/worst?

  • CST Percent Proficient - Test/Grade Level
  • CST Multi Year Report by Course & Grade
  • CAHSEE - Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Site List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List by Course
  • CELDT - Student List
  • CAHSEE - Student List

Which course's or class's students of a particular race or ethnicity performed the best/worst?

  • CST Multi Year Report by Course & Grade
  • CAHSEE - Student List
  • CELDT - Student List
  • CST Percent Proficient
  • CST Cluster Scores - Teacher List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Teacher List by Course

Which students of a particular race or ethnicity performed the best/worst?

  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List by Course
  • CAHSEE - Student List
  • CELDT - Student List
  • CELDT - AMAO Student List

In which content clusters (CST), strands (CAHSEE), or domains (CELDT) are students of a particular race or ethnicity struggling/excelling?

  • CAHSEE - Student List
  • CELDT - Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Site List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List by Course
  • CST Cluster Scores - Teacher List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Teacher List by Course

In which content clusters (CST), strands (CAHSEE), or domains (CELDT) are students of a particular race or ethnicity making the most improvement?

  • CAHSEE - Student List
  • CELDT - Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Site List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List by Course
  • CST Cluster Scores - Teacher List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Teacher List by Course

How are individual students of a particular race or ethnicity impacting Title III AMAOs?

  • CELDT - AMAO Student List

What were the Title III AMAO requirements for each student of a particular race or ethnicity?

  • CELDT - AMAO Student List

Which students of a particular race or ethnicity have language skills that suggest they should be performing better elsewhere (i.e., in other academic areas)?

  • CELDT - Student List
  • CELDT - AMAO Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List by Course

Are too many students of a particular race or ethnicity being identified for Special Education?

  • CST Cluster Scores - Site List
  • Custom report

Are students of a particular race or ethnicity under/overrepresented in the GATE program?

  • CST Cluster Scores - Site List
  • Custom report

Are students of a particular race or ethnicity under/overrepresented in Honors/AP/IB courses?

  • CST Cluster Scores - Teacher List by Course
  • CST Cluster Scores - Site List
  • Custom report

Intervention

Which students went up/down in (or did not change) level?

  • Pivot Table - Class/Teacher
  • Pivot Table - Course/Site
  • Class Roster with ELA and Math STAR.
  • CELDT - Student List
  • CELDT - AMAO Student List
  • Standard Progress and Peer Comparison Assessment Reports

What are my incoming students’ performance levels?

  • Class Roster with ELA and Math STAR
  • Class Roster with Specified STAR
  • CST Percent Proficient - Test/Grade Level
  • CELDT - Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Site List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List by Course
  • CST Percent Proficient
  • Performance Summary, Peer Comparison, Standard Progress and Overview Assessment Reports

Which students are close to a performance band cutoff?

  • CELDT - Student List.
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List by Course
  • Class Roster with ELA and Math STAR
  • Class Roster with Specified STAR
  • Standard Progress and Peer Comparison Assessment Reports

Which students have experienced a sudden drop/rise in performance?

  • Pivot Table - Class/Teacher
  • Pivot Table - Course/Site f
  • CELDT - Student List
  • Class Roster with ELA and Math STAR
  • Class Roster with Specified STAR
  • Standard Progress and Peer Comparison Assessment Reports

Which students performed the best/worst?

  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List by Course and view the summary on the last page.
  • CAHSEE - Student List.
  • CST Percent Proficient and compare pages (each class period has its own page).
  • Standard Progress and Peer Comparison Assessment Reports

Which school's students showed the most/least improvement?

  • CST Multi Year Table
  • CST Multi Year Table and Charts
  • CST Multi Year Report by Course & Grade
  • Pivot Table - Course/Site
  • Performance Summary, Peer Comparison, Standard Progress Assessment Reports

Are there any student-specific “red flags” of which stakeholders should be aware?

  • Student Profile.
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List by Course
  • Class Roster with ELA and Math STAR
  • Class Roster with Specified STAR
  • Standard Progress and Peer Comparison Assessment Reports

Which students are at risk of not graduating?

  • CAHSEE - Student List
  • CAHSEE Student Profile
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List by Course
  • Standard Progress and Peer Comparison Assessment Reports

Which students' test scores suggest they should be performing better elsewhere (i.e., in other academic areas)?

  • CELDT - Student List
  • CELDT - AMAO Student List
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List by Course
  • Standard Progress and Peer Comparison Assessment Reports

What data should I bring to a parent conference or IEP meeting?

  • Student Profile
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List by Course
  • CMA Eligibility List
  • Standard Progress Assessment Report

Which students have special health considerations?

  • Health Cautions & Alerts

Which students are (or aren’t) up-to-date with their immunizations?

  • Immunization Compliance Report

Which immunization requirements have students not yet met?

  • Immunization Compliance Report.

Which students have the most/least absences?

Which students have the most/least discipline problems?

Which students have the best/worst grades?

Which ___'s (department/teacher/etc.) show discrepancy between grading practices and test scores?

Which ___'s (department/teacher/etc.) assign the highest/lowest grades?

  • Custom report

Contributing Factors

How does student mobility impact performance?

  • CELDT - Student List
  • CELDT - AMAO Student List
  • Custom report

How are students doing/performing in multiple areas?

  • Student Profile
  • Pivot Table - Class/Teacher
  • Pivot Table - Course/Site
  • CST Multi Year Table
  • CST Multi Year Table and Charts
  • Class Roster with ELA and Math STAR
  • Class Roster with Specified STAR
  • CST Cluster Scores - Teacher List.
  • CST Cluster Scores - Teacher List by Course.
  • CST Cluster Scores - Site List.
  • Custom report
  • Peer Comparison and Standard Progress Assessment Reports

What traits do proficient/non-proficient students have in common?

  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List by Course
  • Peer Comparison Assessment Report

What traits do graduates/dropouts have in common?

What traits do chronically/rarely absent students have in common?

What traits do students with good/poor grades have in common?

What traits do Students with Disabilities have in common?

What traits do GATE students have in common?

What traits do Honors/AP/IB students have in common?

How do student absences impact performance?

How do discipline problems impact performance?

How does a teacher's number of years at the school impact performance?

How does a teacher's number of years teaching the same subject at the school impact performance?

  • Custom report

Technology

Which ___ (school/teacher/etc.) keeps its/his/her gradebook(s) current?

Which ___ (school/staff/etc.) uses the data and assessment management system the most/least?

  • Custom report

Enrollment and Scheduling

What does each ___'s (school/grade/etc.) population look like?

Which ___s (course/teacher/etc.) have the most/least English Learners?

Which ___s (course/teacher/etc.) have the most/least Students with Disabilities?

Which ___s (course/teacher/etc.) have the most/least GATE students?

Which ___s (course/teacher/etc.) have the most/least students with chronic behavior problems?

Which ___s (course/teacher/etc.) have the most/least students with chronic absences?

Which ___s (course/teacher/etc.) have the most/least proficient students for upcoming or current instruction?

Which ___s (course/teacher/etc.) have the most/least students proficient in Reading Comprehension?

  • Custom report

Health and Safety

Which students have special health considerations?

  • Health Cautions & Alerts

Which students are (or aren’t) up-to-date with their immunizations?

  • Immunization Compliance Report

What do I need to know about my students’ health?

  • Health Cautions & Alerts

Which immunization requirements have students not yet met?

  • Immunization Compliance Report

Format-Specific Data

What data should I bring to a parent conference or IEP meeting?

  • Student Profile
  • CST Cluster Scores - Student List by Course
  • CMA Eligibility List

How can I get a class roster (listing all students in each of my class periods)?

  • Class Roster
  • Class Roster with Demographics
  • Class Roster with ELA and Math STAR
  • Class Roster with Specified STAR

How can I easily create labels for teacher “swapping” during state testing?

  • Class Labels 5160

How can I easily complete required School Accountability Report Card (SARC) templates?

How can I easily complete required Single Plan for Student Achievement (SPSA) templates?

How can I easily prepare for Western Association of Schools and Colleges (WASC) visitation?

  • Custom report

Ordering

Which test quantities should I order for state testing (e.g., STAR)?

Which test quantities should I order for state writing testing (e.g., STAR writing and EAP)?

Which test quantities should I order for high school exit exams (e.g., CAHSEE)?

Which survey quantities should I order for state health surveys (e.g., CHKS)?

  • Custom report

Abbreviations and Terms

API - Academic Program Index

AMAO - Annual Measurable Achievement Objective, related to Title III

AMO - Annual Measurable Objective, related to AYP

AYP - Adequate Yearly Progress

CAHSEE - California High School Exit Examination

CAPA - California Alternate Performance Assessment (alternative to CST for students with severe cognitive disabilities; much easier than CST)

CDE - California Department of Education

CELDT - California English Language Development Test

CMA - California Modified Assessment (alternative to CST for qualifying Special Education students; much harder than CAPA but easier than CST)

CST - California Standards Test (for all students who do not qualify for the CAPA or CMA)

EAP - Early Assessment System (not a STAR test, but administered in conjunction with STAR testing), established by California State University

EL - English Learner (this includes all LEP students, as well as the R-FEP students who have not scored Proficient or Advanced on the ELA CST at least three times - not necessarily consecutive - since reclassification)

ELA - English-Language Arts (tested within the STAR Program for grades 2-11)

EOC - End-of-Course (secondary STAR tests based on History-Social Science, Math, and Science course rather than grade level standards)

GATE - Gifted and Talented Education

IIUSP - Immediate Intervention/Underperforming Schools Program

LEA - Local Education Agency (in most cases, this is akin to a school district)

LEP - Limited English Proficient

NCLB - No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act of 2001

PI - Program Improvement

R-FEP - Reclassified as Fluent-English Proficient

SA - State Average (average score for all students statewide who took the given test)

SARC - School Accountability Report Card

SPSA - Single Plan for Student Achievement

SBE - State Board of Education

SMA - State Minimally Advanced (average for students statewide who scored at the lowest scale score for advanced, which varies)

SMP - State Minimally Proficient (average for students statewide who scored at the lowest scale score for proficient, which is 350)

STAR - Standardized Testing and Reporting (STAR Program includes CAPA, CMA, CST, and STS and orchestrates EAP testing)

STS - Standards-based Tests in Spanish (required for Spanish-speaking English Learners receiving instruction in Spanish or in U.S. < 1 year)

WASC - Western Association of Schools and Colleges

Next Steps

Next Steps

Visit the "EXTRAS: Data Analysis" Help manual to advance your analysis skills and your understanding of data. This can help you tackle the "data capacity" needs associated with the Essential Questions approach to data analysis, well-summarized in this Educational Leadership article.